December 8, 1920 both doctors J.E. and Reba Willis were arrested for practicing medicine without a license. Their office was ransacked and their patients were insulted by investigators. The judge offered them to either pay a $200 fine or serve 100 days in jail. The Willises chose imprisonment and asked relatives to care for their 3-year-old twins.

This picture garnered worldwide attention that generated over 100,000 letters of sympathy. During those days thousands of doctors were arrested. The medical reign of terror created the conditions that lead to the constitutional initiative that change the law in California in 1922.